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行走黃河聽,人與長河的交響
2020-01-05 22:15  www.lianbaiwei.cn

  黃河發源于巴顏喀拉山北麓,在瑪多縣先后穿越兩大水源補給湖——扎陵湖和鄂陵湖,向下游地區奔騰而去。“鄂陵湖出水口斷流8公里,出水量只有每秒立方米。”1999年,黃河源頭斷流的消息,震驚全國。這一年初夏,本報“行走黃河”采訪組從黃河入海口溯源而上,長途跋涉34天,目睹黃河入海處斷流、源頭河床裸露等景象,一路發回數十篇報道。

The Yellow River originates from the northern foot of the Bayan Kara Mountains, and runs through the two major water supply lakes, Zaling Lake and Eling Lake, to the lower reaches. \"Eling Lake outlet cut off 8 km, water output is only cubic meters per second.\" In 1999, the news that the Yellow River was cut off at its source shocked the nation. In the early summer of the year, the newspaper's \"walking the Yellow River\" interview group traced back from the mouth of the Yellow River into the sea, a long journey of 34 days, witnessed the Yellow River into the sea, the source river bed exposed, and so on, sent back dozens of reports.

  20年后的深秋,本報“2019行走黃河”采訪組重攀瑪多縣海拔4610米的牛頭碑,極目黃河源。扎陵、鄂陵“姊妹湖”碧波浩蕩,鷹擊長空,野驢奔逐,萬類霜天競自由。

20 years later in the late autumn, the newspaper's \"2019 walk the Yellow River \"interview group to climb the Maduo County,4610 meters above sea level of the Taubei, the Yellow River source. Baling, e-ling \"sister lake\" bibo mighty, hawks hit the sky, wild donkeys to chase, ten thousand kinds of frost free.

  黃河水清了,護河人拼了。“河官”們扛使命擔當、探保護路徑,源頭牧民轉型生態管護員,治沙人扮綠騰格里沙漠,大青山的挖山工反哺母親河,綠色長城變“銀行”,“絕地”做活水文章……

The Yellow River is clear and the protectors are fighting. \"River officials\" carry the mission, explore the path of protection, the source herdsmen transformation of ecological managers, sand control people as green Tenggri desert, Daqingshan mountain diggers feed mother river, green the Great Wall to \"bank \",\" Jedi\" to do live water articles.

  18天,4000公里,黃河上游段采訪覆蓋青海、四川、甘肅、寧夏、內蒙古的16個市州24個縣(區、旗)。時隔20年再次行走,記者深切體會到,“讓黃河成為造福人民的幸福河”已成為人們的共識。

For 18 days,4,000 kilometers, interviews in the upper reaches of the Yellow River covered 24 counties (districts and banners) in 16 cities and states in Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia. After 20 years of walking again, the reporter deeply realized that \"let the Yellow River become a river of happiness for the benefit of the people\" has become a consensus.

  2019年9月18日,習近平總書記在黃河流域生態保護和高質量發展座談會上強調,治理黃河,重在保護,要在治理。

On September 18,2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed at the forum on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin that the management of the Yellow River should focus on protection and be managed.

  溫暖、齊整的氈房里,妻子燒好了熱奶茶,揉好了青稞面,為他驅走寒氣。幸福的小日子,讓爾杰仁增覺得格外舒心。

Warm, neat felt room, his wife cooked hot milk tea, rubbed barley noodles, for him to drive away the cold. The happiness of the small days, let erjieren feel particularly comfortable.

  懷揣安家費,拉扯著妻女,與世代牧戶身份訣別。“草都被牛羊和沙鼠啃沒了,草場成了黑土灘,沙塵暴比刀子還狠,終年積雪的布青山都摘了‘雪帽’……”

Carrying family expenses, pulling a wife and daughter, and generations of pastoral identity farewell. "The grass was gnawed away by sheep and gerbils, the meadow became a black plain, the dust storm was fiercer than the knife, and the snow-covered green hills had been picked by'the snow hat '……”

  當鄉干部多年,他熟悉瑪多的山山水水:河源的大湖小泊,多得像天上的星星;上世紀80年代,當時人口不到一萬的瑪多激增上百萬頭牛羊,也讓它一時因牧民人均收入全國第一贏得“首富縣”的名頭。

After years as a township official, he knew the mountains and rivers of Mado: the great lakes and small moors of Heyuan were like the stars in the sky; in the 1980s, Mado, with a population of less than 10,000, surged millions of cattle and sheep, and gave him the title of \"richest county\" for a while because of herdsmen's per capita income.

  生態透支,雖說發展速度上去了,但大自然的報復也來得快:七成草場退化,黃河源地區年均降水量從以往的毫米驟降至2003年的毫米,湖泊數從4077個銳減到1800個。

Ecological overdraft, although the speed of development, but nature's revenge also came quickly:70% of the grassland degradation, the Yellow River source area from the previous millimetres of precipitation plummeted to the millimeter in 2003, the number of lakes from 4077 to 1800.

  一滴,一滴,又一滴……三江源漫天皆白,晶瑩的冰川泛著神奇的藍光。冰凌滴下的雪水,汩汩匯成小溪,小溪又匯成小河,一路向東涌流。

One drop, one drop, one drop... The three rivers are white all over the sky, and the crystal-clear glaciers glow with magical blue light. Ice drops of snow, gurgling into a stream, and the stream into a small river, all the way to the east flow.

  在冰川前搭帳篷住了一夜,青海漢子李曉南聽著那涓滴而下的聲音,忘了海拔,忘了頭痛,心中滿是敬畏,那是無比澄澈的大江大河之源啊!

Set up a tent in front of the glacier overnight, Qinghai man Li Xiaonan listened to the sound of the trickle down, forget the altitude, forget the headache, the heart is full of awe, that is the source of the great river incomparable clarity ah!

  2005年,他被調入一個緊急成立的新機構——青海省三江源生態保護和建設領導小組辦公室,擔任專職副主任。國家啟動三江源生態保護和建設一期工程,對“中華水塔”的應急保護開始了。

In 2005, he was transferred to the office of the leading group for ecological conservation and construction of Sanjiangyuan in Qinghai Province, an emergency new institution, as full-time deputy director. The state started the first phase of the Sanjiangyuan ecological protection and construction project, and the emergency protection of the \"China Water Tower\" began.

  “退化草場全部禁牧,占全縣3/4。”10年前,時任黃河鄉副鄉長的曲洋才讓親歷河源大移民,“先后搬遷585戶2334人,一半牧民遠走他鄉。”

“All degraded pastures are forbidden, accounting for three quarters of the county." Ten years ago, qu yang, then deputy township governor of the huanghe township, let people experience the great migration of heyuan," has moved 585 families 2334 people, half herdsmen away from home."

  “十帳五空”,爾杰仁增們的“出河源記”充滿無奈。人與自然、發展與保護的沖突,寫在瑪多大起大落的發展拋物線上。

“ten accounts five empty ", er Jie Renzeng people's" river source records "full of helplessness. The conflict between man and nature, development and conservation is written on the development parabola of Mado's ups and downs.

  一期工程,難在“點多面廣項目雜”:點多,涵蓋4州17縣市,怎么統籌?面廣,牽涉發改、林業、農牧、環保等多個委辦廳局,如何協調?項目雜,退牧還草、水土保持等22項工程1041個子項目,誰來落實?

The first phase of the project, difficult in the \"point wide range of projects miscellaneous \": point many, covering 4 states 17 counties and cities, how to co-ordinate? A wide range, involving development and reform, forestry, agriculture, animal husbandry, environmental protection and other offices, how to coordinate? miscellaneous projects, grazing back grass, soil and water conservation and other 22 projects 1041 sub-projects, who will implement?

  “三江辦”扮演起“總承包”,工程一干就是10年。2015年一期工程竣工時,三江源各類草地產草量提高30%;水資源量增加近80億立方米,相當于560個西湖!

The “sanjiang office plays the role of" general contracting ". When the first phase of the project was completed in 2015, the grass production of all kinds of grassland in Sanjiangyuan increased by 30%, and the amount of water resources increased by nearly 8 billion cubic meters, equivalent to 560 West Lake!

  2015年底,三江源國家公園體制改革試點方案通過審批。改革理念一脈相承:成立國家公園,讓一塊牌子管到底。

At the end of 2015, the pilot scheme for the reform of the Sanjiangyuan National Park system was approved. Reform concept in the same vein: set up a national park, let a brand to the end.

  曲洋才讓也在適應新角色——黃河源園區管委會資源環境執法局局長。“縣森林公安、環境執法、國土執法、漁政執法、草原監理等整合成一家,形成了合力。”

Quyang has also adapted to his new role as director of the resources and environmental law enforcement bureau of the Yellow River Park Management Committee. \"County forest public security, environmental law enforcement, land law enforcement, fisheries administration law enforcement, grassland supervision and other integration into a joint effort.

  放下牧鞭領工資,包括爾杰仁增在內的2559名牧民當上了生態管護員。“姊妹湖”畔熟識的一草一木,他要嚴格監測,還要嚴防盜獵盜采。他的手機攝影水平越來越高,“拍到了不少藏原羚、藏野驢、斑頭雁呢!”

Paying off the whip,2,559 herders, including erjeren, became ecological wardens. \"Sister Lake\" familiar with a tree, he must strictly monitor, but also strictly guard against poaching. His mobile phone photography level is getting higher and higher,\" shot a lot of Tibetan wildebeest, wild donkey, wild goose!\"

  生態管護員微信群里上傳了一張久未露面的雪豹照片,李曉南不知向多少人展示分享過。雪豹、灰熊有時去牧民家偷嘴,傷了牛羊,牧民也體諒,“那是國家保護動物,金貴著哩!”

Ecological warden WeChat group uploaded a long-unappeared snow leopard photo, Li Xiaonan do not know how many people have shown to share. Snow leopard, grizzly bear sometimes go to herdsmen's house to steal mouth, hurt cattle and sheep, herdsmen are also considerate,\" that is the state to protect animals, gold expensive!\"

  唐希明拎起“干”字杵,一板一眼演示他發明的“造林神器”。“用底端卡槽卡住檸條根,手壓上橫桿,腳踩下橫桿,往沙里頭一杵,一棵樹就種成了。”他咧著嘴笑。

Tang Ximing picked up the word \"dry\" pestle, a firm demonstration of his invention of \"afforestation artifact.\" \"With the bottom slot stuck in the root of the lime, hand on the crossbar, foot on the crossbar, a pestle into the sand, a tree is planted. He grinned.

  上手一試,記者秒變種樹高手。這玩意兒比用鏟子在沙里挖坑容易,好栽;下橫桿可作標尺,確保樹苗扎進濕沙深處,好活;省勁易學,好用。

Let's try it, reporter. Seconds. It's easier to dig a hole in the sand with a shovel than to plant it; the lower bar can be used as a ruler to make sure the saplings go deep into the wet sand.

  腳踏“干”字杵,沙丘上的唐希明就像一根折不斷、埋不住、旱不死的檸條。如今,他已是中衛市治沙林場副場長,大小是個官,可黑瘦黑瘦的模樣,咋看咋像農家漢。

Foot \"dry\" word pestle, sand dune on the Tang Ximing like a continuous, buried, dry Caragana. Now, he has been the deputy director of the sand control forest farm in Zhongwei City, the size of an official, but black and thin appearance, how to look like a farmer.

  你種檸條,我栽紅柳。在水肥草豐的九曲黃河第一彎——四川若爾蓋濕地,人與沙如今已進入“拉鋸戰”。而在5年前,當地人還曾驚呼:“再不治流沙,將來只能放駱駝了!”

You grow Caragana, I plant red willow. In the first bend of the Yellow River, the Yellow River, where water and fertilizer are abundant, people and sand have now entered a \"tug-of-war \". But five years ago, the local people also exclaims:\" no longer cure quicksand, in the future can only put camel!\"

  若爾蓋縣林業和草原局工作人員劉海金,自信滿滿地向記者展示“生態戰術”:打下柳樁,用柳條編成方格護欄,阻止沙丘流動,再施有機肥,撒入草種,植入紅柳樹苗……

Liu Haijin, a staff member of the Forestry and Grassland Bureau of Ruoergai County, confidently showed reporters the \"ecological tactics \": lay down willow piles, use wicker to make grid guardrails, stop the flow of sand dunes, apply organic fertilizer, sprinkle grass seeds, and implant red willow seedlings.

  老同學替他不值:“30多年,從一介書生到打拼出一棟大廈,為修復老家的礦山,扔了?”就連留學海外的一雙兒女,也被丁茂叫回內蒙古包頭,舉家跟大青山較勁。

Old classmate is worthless for him:\" more than 30 years, from a scholar to fight out a building, to repair the old mine, throw?\" Even a pair of children studying abroad were called back to Baotou, Inner Mongolia by Ding Mao.

  走進笸籮鋪治理區,目力所及是單薄的危巖山體、密布的大小礦坑。“上世紀50年代起,大青山就成為城建取石基地,村民以采石、碎石為生。”包頭市青山區副區長徐茂華指向一處被炸得“瘦骨嶙峋”的“五指山”。

Into the basket paving treatment area, the vision is a thin rock mountain, the size of the pit. \"Since the 1950s, Daqingshan has become a stone base for urban construction, and villagers make a living quarrying and gravel. Xu Maohua, deputy head of Castle Peak District in Baotou City, pointed to a \"five-fingered mountain\" that was \"skinny\" when it was blown up.

  治理區內,數十臺大型機械轟鳴。礦山生態修復,是個燒錢的“無底洞”。堅定企業投資信心的,是政府的治理決心和大力引導。黨的十九大以來,青山區全面啟動大青山南坡礦山環境治理和生態修復工程,清理非法工礦企業100家。“僅笸籮鋪治理區,就對17家采石碎石企業清零。”徐茂華語氣堅定。

Within the governance area, dozens of large machinery roar. The ecological restoration of the mine is a bottomless pit of burning money. Firm enterprise investment confidence, is the government's governance determination and vigorous guidance. Since the 19th National Congress of the Party, Qingshan District has fully started the environmental treatment and ecological restoration project of the South Slope of Daqingshan, clearing up 100 illegal industrial and mining enterprises. \"Only the basket paving area, on the 17 quarry gravel enterprises zero.\" Xu Maohua's tone was firm.

  “從沿黃小白河濕地,遠程調水到山腳舊礦坑改造的水庫,再用泵提到山頂13座水塔,將廢棄礦坑改建為30個蓄水池,解決供水問題兼做景觀。”徐茂華扳起三根手指,“用好黃河水,存續天上水,留住地表水。”

\"From the wetlands along the Yellow Xiaobai River to the reservoirs reconstructed from the old pits at the foot of the mountain,13 water towers were pumped up to convert the abandoned pits into 30 cisterns to solve the problem of water supply and landscape. \"Xu Maohua pulled up three fingers,\" good use of the Yellow River water, the existence of water in the sky, to retain surface water. \".

  修復工程用工上萬人次,幫助沿山村民增收3170萬元,“挖山人”變身“修山人”。大青山南坡修復工程已完成礦坑危巖體治理6平方公里、人工造林萬畝、栽植苗木665萬株。最新氣象監測顯示:局部年降水量增加30至40毫米。

The restoration works employed tens of thousands of people to help villagers along the mountain to increase their income of 31.7 million yuan,\" mountain diggers \"into\" mountain repairers \". The restoration project of the south slope of Daqingshan has completed the treatment of 6 square kilometers of dangerous rock mass in the mine pit, planted ten thousand mu of artificial afforestation and planted 6.65 million seedlings. Recent meteorological monitoring shows that local annual precipitation increases by 30 to 40 mm.

  山河治理,遠非朝夕之功。一邊砸錢修山,一邊融資養魚,丁茂心有期望,“我就當好‘修山工’,營收且看下一代。”

The mountain river governs, far from the day's work. While smashing money to repair the mountain, while financing fish, ding mao has expectations,\" i am a good \"mountain repair workers \", revenue and look at the next generation.\"

  464年前,第一架黃河大水車橫空出世。16米直徑、30根雙排輻條、400余個木質部件,60多名工匠制作安裝耗時3個月,一架大水車可灌溉良田400畝……新中國成立時,蘭州仍有大水車250余架。

The first Yellow River water truck was born 464 years ago. 16 meters in diameter,30 double row spokes, more than 400 wooden parts, more than 60 craftsmen made and installed three months, a large water truck can irrigate 400 mu of good farmland... When new china was founded, lanzhou still had more than 250 water trucks.

  高峽平湖,青海龍羊峽水電站。2019年10月下旬,上游來水豐沛,泄洪孔道噴涌出近百米高的巨浪,彩虹飛架浪尖。

Gaoxia pinghu, qinghai longyangxia hydropower station. In late October 2019, the upstream water was plentiful, the spillway gushed out of nearly 100 meters high waves, and the rainbow flew over the top.

  最大壩高178米,年均發電量60億千瓦時,庫容247億立方米……從1976年到1987年,10萬建設大軍人拉肩扛,建成代表當時中國水電工程最高水平的“龍頭”。除了發電,還能保障下游沿黃省份的灌溉、防洪、供水。

The maximum dam is 178 meters high, with an average annual power generation capacity of 6 billion kilowatt-hours and a storage capacity of 24.7 billion cubic meters... From 1976 to 1987,100,000 large-scale military personnel drew shoulders and built a \"leader\" representing the highest level of hydropower projects in China at that time. Besides generating electricity, it can also guarantee irrigation, flood control and water supply in the downstream provinces along the Yellow River.

  “嘿,摸摸這個機組,它都58歲了!”在甘肅鹽鍋峽水電站,黃河上游水電開發公司副總工程師冶海廷向記者引薦他的“老哥們”——這是黃河干流最早發電的大型電站。

\"Hey, touch this unit, it's 58! \"At the Yanguoxia Hydropower Station in Gansu Province, Yehaiting, deputy chief engineer of the upstream hydropower development company of the Yellow River, introduced his\" old brother \"to reporters, the first large power station to generate electricity in the main stream of the Yellow River.

  從李家峽、公伯峽,到拉西瓦、青銅峽,冶海廷大半生輾轉于黃河上游多個梯級水電站。“年輕時建電站,從黃河取水,擱一夜才能洗臉刷牙。最頭疼春汛,得連喝幾個月渾水。”

From Lijiaxia, Gongboxia, to Laxiwa, Qingtongxia, Yehaiting turned most of his life in the upper reaches of the Yellow River cascade hydropower stations. \"Build a power station when you are young, get water from the Yellow River and wash your face and brush your teeth overnight. The biggest headache is the spring flood.

  現在,黃河上游20多座“明珠”成鏈,形成攔沙陣。冶海廷忍不住自豪,“要不是水庫攔蓄,那塞上江南、河套平原怕都得喝渾水。”

Now, the upper reaches of the Yellow River more than 20\" pearl \"into a chain, the formation of sand. He couldn't help but be proud.\" If it weren't for the reservoir, he would have to drink muddy waters in the south of the Yangtze River and across the river.\"

  走進水電站“大腦”綜控室,安全運行“6765天”的顯示屏下,兩名值長正操控著復雜的系統。“以前這屋里得坐15個人,現在就倆。”冶海廷親歷了水電站技術水平從低到高、從依賴進口到自主設計的巨變,“以后設備自動化免維護,年輕人再不用像我一樣辛苦地追著電站跑。”

Walking into the \"brain\" control room of the hydropower station and running safely under the \"6765 days \"display, the two values are manipulating the complex system. There used to be 15 people in this room, just two now. Having experienced a huge change in the technical level of hydropower stations from low to high, from dependence on imports to independent design, mr. yating said \"the equipment will be automated and maintenance-free and young people will no longer have to chase the power station as hard as I did.\"

  從水電站西行50公里,一片亮汪汪的光伏“藍海”,規模令人震撼。“裝機容量85萬千瓦,2015年全部并網發電,堪稱龍羊峽水電站的‘虛擬水電機組’。”黃河上游水電開發公司光伏維檢公司副總經理李炬語帶自豪,“這項技術可將原本隨機、波動、間歇的光伏電,調整為均衡、優質、安全的穩定電源,并送入電網。”

50 kilometers west of the hydropower station, a bright photovoltaic \"blue sea \", the scale is shocking. \"The installed capacity of 850,000 kilowatts, all connected to the grid in 2015, can be called the\" virtual hydropower unit \"of Longyangxia Hydropower Station. Li Ju, deputy general manager of the photovoltaic inspection company of the upstream hydropower development company of the Yellow River, is proud that \"this technology can adjust the original random, fluctuating and intermittent photovoltaic power to a balanced, high-quality and safe stable power supply and send it to the grid.\"

  水光互補,兩家雙贏:龍羊峽水光互補光伏電站一年發電億千瓦時,相當于龍羊峽水電站發電量的1/4,水電站調峰調頻性能隨之提高約30%。

Water light complementary, two win-win: Longyangxia water light complementary photovoltaic power station a year to generate 100 million kilowatts, equivalent to a quarter of the power generation of Longyangxia hydropower station, hydropower station peak frequency modulation performance increased by about 30%.

  蘭州黃河之濱,“黃河母親”雕像蒙上“面紗”。兩位老人,一個端詳圖紙,一個手握刻刀。82歲的設計師何鄂,正和老工匠修繕這座34年前由他們共同完成的雕塑。

On the banks of the Yellow River in Lanzhou, the statue of \"Mother of the Yellow River\" is veiled. Two old men, one looking at the drawings, one holding the knife. He e, an 82-year-old designer, is working with an old craftsman to renovate the sculpture, which they co-built 34 years ago.

  在家人攙扶下,83歲的王恒興給記者講述林的由來:這位曾經的煤老板,內疚于挖煤撕開太多“傷疤”,立誓“種樹向大地還債”,年過古稀注冊生態公司,2009年起造林治沙,種下4300畝“綠色長城”。

With the help of his family,83-year-old Wang Hengxing told reporters the origin of Lin: the former coal boss, guilty of digging coal to tear up too many \"scars \", vowed to\" plant trees to pay the earth debt,\" over the years the ancient rare registered ecological company, since 2009 afforestation, planting 4300 mu \"green wall.\"

  沒想到,生態紅利成倍溢出。2013年,“苦瘠甲天下”的寧夏西海固地區1413戶7211名農民搬遷到新綠洲旁的廟廟湖。幾年下來,全村綠化率超過37%,靠著有機農業,村民腰包鼓了起來。

Unexpectedly, the ecological dividend overflows exponentially. In 2013,1413 families and 7211 farmers in the Xihaigu area of Ningxia,\" bitter barrenness is the best in the world \", moved to Miaomiao Lake next to the new oasis. Over the years, the village's green rate exceeded 37%, relying on organic agriculture, the villagers pocketed up.

  一身時尚打扮的虎蘋,種大棚蔬菜掙了錢。她笑言,現在穿的都是網購“潮貨”。聊起在山上不通路、不通電還用不上水的苦日子,她慶幸“下來了”。

A fashionable dress of tiger apple, shed vegetables earn money. She said with a smile, now are wearing online shopping \"fashionable goods.\" Talking about the bitter days of no access to the mountains, no electricity and no water, she was glad to \"come down \".

  虎蘋的鄉親,也靠沙地瓜菜大棚種植摘了窮帽。水少沒關系,靠著節水滴灌,2075畝西瓜甜瓜遠銷廣州、香港。全村貧困發生率從%銳減到%。

The villagers of the tiger apple, also rely on the sandy vegetable shed to plant and pick the poor hat. Water less, relying on water-saving drip irrigation,2075 mu watermelon melon exported to Guangzhou, Hong Kong. The village-wide poverty rate has plummeted from% to%.

  以前在山上,日上三竿都懶得出門。現在天一亮,廟廟湖就“活”了,去蔬菜大棚“上班”,去縫紉作坊趕網上接的活兒。

Once upon a time on the mountain, the sun was too lazy to go out. Now at dawn, the temple lake \"live \", go to the vegetable shed\" work \", go to sewing workshop to catch the online work.

  “我們優先使用百公里外呼和浩特市的中水,每天‘消化’兩萬多噸。末端經處理后,再銷售給下游鹽化工企業,確保污水零排放。”項目負責人王總鎮介紹,“光水處理設施就花了12億元,占總投資的一成。”

“We give priority to the use of 100 km of external calls and Hotter's reclaimed water, with more than 20,000 tons digested per day. After the end is treated, it is sold to the downstream salt chemical enterprises to ensure zero discharge of sewage. "Water treatment facilities alone cost 1.2 billion yuan, or 10% of the total investment," Wang said.

  大河北岸,川峁縱橫的黃土高坡,保留了20多孔土窯洞,坡下是熱鬧的仿窯洞農家樂。黃河上游段的句號,就畫在這個獲評“中國美麗休閑鄉村”的郝家窯村。

On the north bank of the big river, the loess high slope of the mountains and knolls retains a 20-hole earth kiln cave, and under the slope is a lively imitation kiln cave Nongjiale. The end of the upper reaches of the Yellow River is illustrated in Haojiayao Village, which has been appraised as a \"beautiful leisure village in China \".

  僻處河灘,人均一畝田、莊稼不打糧,郝家窯村20年前是托克托縣發展的窮尾巴。腦子活泛的郝爭平擔任村黨支部書記,搞起黃河鄉村旅游,年創收超過5000萬元。

Rare beach, per capita one mu of farmland, crops do not beat grain, Haojiayao village 20 years ago is the development of Tokto County poor tail. The brain-filled Hao Zhengping served as secretary of the village party branch to promote rural tourism in the Yellow River, generating an annual income of more than 50 million yuan.