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5G+后摩尔定律时代半导体产业竞合走向何方
2020-01-07 13:35  www.lianbaiwei.cn

  作为5G元年,2019年对于半导体行业的特殊性不仅仅在于通信技术的革新,更重要的是,支撑半导体工艺多年来迅猛发展的摩尔定律逐渐走向失效,但爆炸式的数据需要更精进的处理技术作为支撑。行业正面临着双重技术迭代带来的考验。

As the first year of 5g,2019's speciality for the semiconductor industry lies not only in the innovation of communication technology, but also in the gradual failure of Moore's law to support the rapid development of semiconductor technology over the years, but the explosive data need to be supported by more sophisticated processing technology. The industry is facing the test of dual technology iteration.

  这一年也是5G底层通信技术玩家持续收缩的一年。老一代巨头英特尔放弃基带芯片业务出售予苹果,另一半导体巨头博通也在近日宣布有意出售旗下RF(无线射频)相关业务。

This year is also the year that 5G underlying communications technology players continue to contract. Intel, the older giant, gave up its baseband chip business for sale to Apple, and Botong, the other half of the conductor, recently announced an interest in selling its RF-related business.

  虽然说“整合”会是所有产业走到一定阶段必然经历的结果,但这次IC产业的融合,到底意味着寒冬还是新生?

Although \"integration\" will be the result of all industries to a certain stage of inevitable experience, but this integration of the IC industry, in the end means winter or new?

  紫光展锐CEO楚庆将这类现象定义为“半导体产业生死劫”。在近日接受21世纪经济报道记者专访时他指出,过去几十年的半导体产业处在春天,万物生长;而摩尔定律走向失效,让行业开始进入后摩尔定律时代,来到夏天。

Ziguang zhanrui ceo chu qing defines such phenomena as \"semiconductor industry life and death.\" In a recent interview with the 21st century economic reporter, he pointed out that the semiconductor industry in the past few decades has been in the spring, everything has grown; and moore's law has become ineffective, allowing the industry to enter the post-molar law era into the summer.

  进入5G时代,中国走在了世界前列。2019年10月,国家工信部宣布中国正式启动5G商用,给全国范围的网络建设和商用准备开启了加速器。

Entering the 5G era, China is in the forefront of the world. In October 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced China's official launch of 5G commercial, giving nationwide network construction and commercial preparations to open the accelerator.

  他曾经做过一个统计,在前两个通信时代,欧洲运营商在前期投入上就耗费了巨资。3G时代,整个欧洲为了购买相关频谱许可,花费超过500亿美元;在此基础上还有资本支出、基站建设支出等,资金量可想而知有多巨大。

He has done a statistic that in the first two days of communications, european operators have invested heavily in the early stages. In the 3G era, Europe as a whole spent more than $50bn on spectrum permits, based on capital spending, base-station spending, and so on.

  在4G时代依然没有多少好转。楚庆表示,当时仅规模最大的一家运营商在欧洲购买频谱许可,就花费了近500亿欧元。

There is still little improvement in the 4G era. Mr Chu said the purchase of spectrum permits by then only the largest operator in Europe had cost nearly